The elephant population around the globe is dwindling, and according to a recent estimate, the population has fallen to less than half million. These mammals have been murdered for fulfilling human pursuits. There are still few enthusiasts left who are dedicated to saving the lives of these gentle giants. Although they are not near extinction, an individual should be alarmed by the fall in their numbers at a quick pace. Unfortunately, elephants are endangered species. The lives of elephants are at risk for various reasons. Some of them are discussed below. Occupation of their habitat has rendered them homeless. With growing human population and need for more space, people have cut woods. Thus, destroying the elephant's ecosystem and limiting its presence to smaller pockets. Elephants attack habitats inhabited by people since they feel they belong there. They're known to have an outstanding memory, which gets them back to their old habitats during times of crisis. On seeing their place being occupied by people, they tend to become aggressive because they feel threatened. Visit my link, if you are seeking for additional information about elephant charity.
Many elephants have been killed in such attempts of reoccupying their old habitats. Human occupation of forest lands and cutting down of plant has depleted food for elephants. This, in turn, is leading to many herds starving due to lack of food. Elephants have been declared endangered because they continue to be poached for their tusks. These elephants are hunted more than Asian elephants because their tusks are more and fetch the poachers a lot of money in illegal ivory markets. The malpractice is being curbed, but it has not stopped completely. Death of an adult from the herd influences their numbers since these mammals reproduce just once or twice in their whole lifetime. Widespread usage of fertilizers in agricultural lands is causing pollution of water bodies. A lot of these toxic chemicals are washed into water bodies, like rivers, ponds and lakes. Even in some areas groundwater has been polluted. So, when elephants consume polluted water, they become more prone to diseases and disorders.
The pollution also hurts their reproductive cycle. These areas are places cordoned off with high fences. Because of this, the animals living in book are kept away familiar breeding ground and water bodies. Many elephants attempt escaping over reserve fences, and some of them die due to injuries. Others perish as a result of solitude and depression. Just those elephants living in reserves from birth manage to live in them. In addition to preventing trees from being cut down, conservationists have been planting new hardwood trees. These trees that are immaculate will help replenish the volcano faster so that elephants can once more enjoy a larger area. Plans are also being developed to carry similar programs across to give back the natural surroundings. The main focus of the conservation effort is on the elephants' habitat. Recently intensive logging and farming have resulted in huge swathes of forest leaving less than 15% of their original location. Conservation charities have been working hard with local communities to halt the devastation.